教育话题素材(Education: Parenting & Schooling)
①With standards lowered, hours of study shortened, reports appearing about how many college graduates can no longer be depended upon to know how to write or to grasp rudimentary intellectual concepts, having gone to college seems to have less and less bearing on a person’s intelligence.
Rudimentary: adj. 基本的;初步的;退化的;残遗的;未发展的
②The gain in critical thinking and complex reasoning among the majority of students during college years is very low, if not minimal.
Critical thinking 批判性思维
Complex reasoning 复杂论证能力
③What savvy employers are likely to conclude is that those who graduate from college are probably more conformist, and therefore likely to be more dependable, than those who do not.
④ Some scholars believes lightly that the obstacles to getting into the elite colleges that bright low-income students face today are more insidious than before.
⑤ With the economic slump of recent years, benefactions(funds) to colleges are down, as are federal and state grants, thus forcing tuition costs up, in public as well as in private institutions.
Inflation is greater in the realm of higher education than in any other public sphere.
⑥ A great number of students leave college with enormous student-loan debt, which is higher than either national credit card or automobile credit debt.
⑦ The ardor to get into these schools—for economic, social, and snobbish reasons—has brought about an examination culture, at least among the children of the well-to-do, who from preschool on are relentlessly trained to take the examinations that will get them into the better grade schools, high schools, colleges, and, finally, professional schools.
①nationally, better-educated counties also were associated with less smoking, less physical inactivity and obesity, fewer teen births, fewer preventable hospital stays, and a lower number of children in poverty.
②The best universities should be for the brightest students, not those students who have received the best preparation.
③Education is not the transmission of information or ideas. Education is the training needed to make use of information and ideas. As information breaks loose from bookstores and libraries and floods onto computers and mobile devices, that training becomes more important, not less.
④Educators are coaches, personal trainers in intellectual fitness. The value we add to the media extravaganza is like the value the trainer adds to the gym or the coach adds to the equipment. We provide individualized instruction in how to evaluate and make use of information and ideas, teaching people how to think for themselves.
⑤ Does this mean no one should go to college? Of course not. First of all, college is more than training for a career, and many might benefit from the social and non-purely academic aspects of advanced schooling, even if the rate of return on college as a financial investment is low. Second, high school students with certain attributes are far less likely to drop out of school, and are likely to equal or excel the average statistics.