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怎样在雅思作文里谈大学教育素材

  教育话题素材(Education: Parenting & Schooling)

  昨天联邦雅思教大家如何跟考官讨论读大学是否有用,如何给考官留个好印象。今天联邦雅思再教一下如何跟考官谈论大学教育中的缺点,

  University Education的CONS

  ①With standards lowered, hours of study shortened, reports appearing about how many college graduates can no longer be depended upon to know how to write or to grasp rudimentary intellectual concepts, having gone to college seems to have less and less bearing on a person’s intelligence.

  学习的标准降低,学时缩短,关于众多大学毕业生写作能力低下或基本知识概念掌握不足的报道也纷纷涌现,似乎上过大学越来越与个人智商无关。

  Rudimentary: adj. 基本的;初步的;退化的;残遗的;未发展的

  ②The gain in critical thinking and complex reasoning among the majority of students during college years is very low, if not minimal.

  大多数大学生在本科阶段批判性思维与复杂论证能力的提高不说几近于零,也是收效甚微。

  Critical thinking 批判性思维

  Complex reasoning 复杂论证能力

  ③What savvy employers are likely to conclude is that those who graduate from college are probably more conformist, and therefore likely to be more dependable, than those who do not.

  有见识的雇主们倾向于认为这些大学毕业生可能更循规蹈矩,因此比那些没有大学学位的人更靠得住。

  ④ Some scholars believes lightly that the obstacles to getting into the elite colleges that bright low-income students face today are more insidious than before.

  一些学者认为如今低收入家庭的聪明孩子面临的(进入顶尖学院)的障碍,比以往潜藏更深、为祸尤烈。

  Insidious:阴险的;隐伏的;暗中为害的;狡猾的

  ⑤ With the economic slump of recent years, benefactions(funds) to colleges are down, as are federal and state grants, thus forcing tuition costs up, in public as well as in private institutions.

  Inflation is greater in the realm of higher education than in any other public sphere.

  随着近年来经济衰退,大学收到的捐赠(资助)联邦与州的拨款都出现下滑,因此无论是公立还是私立院校,学费都不得不上涨。

  高等教育领域的通货膨胀之烈,超过其它任何一个公共领域。

  Economic slump:经济萧条

  Benefaction:n. 善行;捐赠;恩惠

  Sphere:n. 范围

  ⑥ A great number of students leave college with enormous student-loan debt, which is higher than either national credit card or automobile credit debt.

  许多学生在离校时都身负巨额学生贷款债务,不论比信用卡帐还是购车贷款都高出一截。

  ⑦ The ardor to get into these schools—for economic, social, and snobbish reasons—has brought about an examination culture, at least among the children of the well-to-do, who from preschool on are relentlessly trained to take the examinations that will get them into the better grade schools, high schools, colleges, and, finally, professional schools.

  由于经济、社会和势利之风,人们狂热地想要踏进这些学院的大门,因而催生了一种考试文化——至少在富家子女当中是如此,他们从学前班开始接受没完没了的应试训练,以便将来进入明星小学、中学、大学,并最终迈入专业研究生院。

  PROS:

  ①nationally, better-educated counties also were associated with less smoking, less physical inactivity and obesity, fewer teen births, fewer preventable hospital stays, and a lower number of children in poverty.

  从全国角度看来讲,有更好教育的人们通常和以下情况联系起来,如:少抽烟,爱运动而且偏瘦,早孕,可预防住院较少,贫困儿童数目更好。

  ②The best universities should be for the brightest students, not those students who have received the best preparation.

  最好的大学应该留给最聪明的学生,而不是受到最充分的考试训练的学生。

  ③Education is not the transmission of information or ideas. Education is the training needed to make use of information and ideas. As information breaks loose from bookstores and libraries and floods onto computers and mobile devices, that training becomes more important, not less.

  教育并非是信息或观点的传达,而恰是需要运用信息和观点的一种培养。当信息摆脱另外书店和图书馆涌入电脑还有各种移动设备时,这种培养显得更为重要而不是无足轻重。

  ④Educators are coaches, personal trainers in intellectual fitness. The value we add to the media extravaganza is like the value the trainer adds to the gym or the coach adds to the equipment. We provide individualized instruction in how to evaluate and make use of information and ideas, teaching people how to think for themselves.

  教育工作者好比是教练,是训练智力的私人教练。我们赋予各种多媒体手段的种种价值就好比是私人教练赋予体育馆或是教练强加在各种器械上的价值。我们为教人如何评估和利用信息及观点提供个性化引导,教人如何为自己着想。

  ⑤ Does this mean no one should go to college? Of course not. First of all, college is more than training for a career, and many might benefit from the social and non-purely academic aspects of advanced schooling, even if the rate of return on college as a financial investment is low. Second, high school students with certain attributes are far less likely to drop out of school, and are likely to equal or excel the average statistics.

  这是不是说所有人都不应当上大学呢?当然不是。首先,大学不仅仅是提供就业培训的场所,人们还可以在大学中提升社交和其它非学术性的能力,即使从经济角度来看,这些能力的回报率并不高。其次,优秀的大学生并不会辍学,他们的收入水平一般都会与平均数持平或者高出。

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